Corn Snakes is a species of Rat Snake, originating from North America. They can grow to around 4 - 5.5ft, with the females being larger, and tend to have a lifespan of around 15 - 20 years. They are quite a compact snake, and not very large bodied, so do well in an enclosure around 4ft for an adult. They are diurnally active, and enjoy using the space in their enclosure, as long as it is set up correctly.
This means there needs to be a good heat gradient within the vivarium, giving them a hot end of around 30 - 32C, going down to about 22C at the cool end, and including a drop to around 15C overnight to replicate a natural night time drop. This can be achieved best with the use of a basking bulb or ceramic bulb, but anything used should be controlled with a thermostat, and any bulbs used will require a bulb guard on them as well, as snakes do have a tendency to wrap around bulbs. A heat mat could be used as a non-light emitting heat source for overnight if required, which ensures that the snakes still get a good day and night cycle as well. As with all snakes, UVB is not an essential part of their equipment, however it has been shown to be really helpful to their general health and well-being to have a low level of UVB, boosting their immune systems and overall wellness, so a low level, such as the Arcadia ShadeDweller is highly recommeneded, alternatively, for the larger vivariums such as the adult 2ft tall, a 6% strip with reflector may be more beneficial.
Corn snakes are quite active, and enjoy moving around their enclosure, so plenty of decoration for them to utilise is recommended, such as branches, plants and rock work. It is important to have a few options for the Corn Snake to hide in, ideally at least one on the hot and one on the cold end, though more is beneficial, even if its just a hidden area created with plants over a branch, giving a shaded area underneath. A water bowl, ideally large enough for the snake to submerge in, helps to keep them hydrated, as well as helping with shedding if required. This should be located on the cooler end, so as not to encourage humidity in the vivarium.
For substrate, Corn Snakes can be kept on a soft wood, such as aspen or soft chip, orchid bark or on a more natural sand/soil mix, replicating their natural habitat a bit more. The sand mix ensures that the soil is not too humid on its own. This should be spot cleaned as needed, as snakes do tend to only defecate once a week, and then fully cleaned on a regular basis, ideally every couple of months.
Corn Snakes are best fed on frozen thawed rodents, ideally mice, going up in size as they grow. An adult may reach the size to take a young rat, though mice tend to be sufficient more likely to keep the snake in weight. As youngsters that are still growing, weekly feeding is ideal, though this may be extended to every other week for adults, using their body condition to judge this.
Swell SuperStore Caramel Corn Snake:
- Current Age/Size - Hatchling (30cm approx)
- Adult Expected Size - 4 - 5 feet
- Habitat - Forested areas of North America. Terrestrial living.
- Required Enclosure Size - 4 x 2 x 2ft
- UV Lighting - 2-3 UVI (use of ShadeDweller or 6% UVB enclosure height dependent)
- Expected Lifespan - 15 - 20 Years
- Temperature Gradient - 22C - 32C
- Humidity Levels - 40 - 50%
- Feeding - Defrosted mammals once weekly (mice recommended)
- Handling - Docile, easily tamed and easily handled. One person handle. Handling to be avoided 48 hours after feeding and when shedding.
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